national urban health mission|national rural health mission objectives|national rural health mission scheme|national urban health mission ppt|national urban health mission guidelines|
The National Rural health mission Launched on 12th april,2005 throughout the country with special focus on 18 states , including eight Empowered Action Group States, the Nourt-eastern states, Jammu and kashimir and Himachal Pradesh. The NRHM seeks to provide accessible, affordable and quality health care to the rural population , especially the vulnerable section,
The key features of the Mission include making the public health delivery system fully functional and accountable to the community involvement, decentralization, rigorous monitoring and evalutation against standards, convergence of health and related programmes from villages level upward, innovations and flexible financing and also interventions for improving the health indicators.
national urban health mission Core Strategies
- Train and enhance capacity of panchayati Raj Institions to own , control and manage public health services;
- Promote access to improved healthcare at household level though the female health activist (ASHA)
- Health plan for each village through village Health, sanitation & Nutrition Committee of the Panchayat;
- Strenghthening sub Cennter thorough a fund to Enable local Planing and action and more Multi-purpose workers.
- Strengthening existing Primary health center and community health center , and provision of 30-50 v bedded ChS per Lakh Population for improved Curative care to a Normative standard.
- Preparetion and implementation of an intersectoral District Health Plan Prepared by the District Health Mission , Including Drinking water, sanitation & Hygien in e and nutrition;
- Developing Capacities for Preventive Health care at all levels for Promoting healthy life styles ,reducation in consumption of tobacco and alcohol etc. Promoting Non-profit sector Particularly in underserved area
health mission scheme
May studies suggests that to meet he health care need of the rural population, the assessment of the infrastructure should be based on the availability and accessibility to the basic health services. The shortage in the basic infrastructure and manpower not only direct impact on availability and accessibility of the health care services by rural population
but also having greater impact on the health status of the people . it is importanwt to look at the social determinants of healthband its relation with the heslth status of the people , The WHO also emphasized on the need to consider the social determinants of health before making policy and Programmes.
According WHO World Health Organisation, the social Determinants of health are “the circumstances in which people are bron , grow up, live work and age, and the system put in place to deal with illness, These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces; Economics, social policies and Politics.
In rural areas , People Experience Different social and economical barriers such as lack of basic health education and awareness, gender discrimination, economic constraints lack of them to different challenges to access the basic health services which creat health inequalities.
As far as the need of basic rural health care infrastructure is concerned the Government Should consider the socio and economic disparities that are existing in our country and various disparities that and existing in our country and various challenges faced by the rural Population, Also , the government should focus on to fill up the gaps that are existing in the present health care systems and accordingly the afforts need to Put forward.
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